Our summers are getting hotter. Therefore, protect yourself well from the sun and avoid getting heatstroke or, even worse, heat stroke. But how do you actually recognize heatstroke? What should you do if you have heatstroke? And more importantly, how can you prevent heatstroke? We tell you everything you need to know about heatstroke.
What is heatstroke?
Heatstroke causes your body to overheat. You can get heatstroke if you sit in the sun too long and drink too little. If you drink too little, you can become dehydrated . You can also get heatstroke if you exert yourself too much in the sun. In the worst case, heatstroke can turn into heat stroke. With heat stroke, your body can no longer release the heat and the part in your brain that balances body temperature is disrupted. This allows your body temperature to rise to no less than 42˚C. That is dangerous. Children, the elderly and overweight people are especially at risk of heatstroke and heat stroke.
Note: Call 911 immediately if you suspect someone has a heat stroke and if they vomit, are confused and / or pass out and are not conscious after two minutes.
What are the symptoms of heatstroke?
The following complaints occur prior to heatstroke:
- Excessive sweating
- Muscle cramps
Heatstroke can be recognized by the following symptoms:
- Warm, glowing skin or cold, clammy skin
- To sweat
- Nausea and / or vomiting
- A fast heartbeat
- Muscle cramps or muscle weakness
- Seizures (type of seizure)
- Movement problems
If you don’t cool down in time with heatstroke, you can get a heat stroke. With heat stroke, less blood flows to your skin, making your skin pale and stop sweating. Heat stroke can be further recognized by the following symptoms:
- Nausea and headache
- A red skin
- Fainting and / or unconsciousness
- Rapid and / or irregular breathing
- A fast and / or irregular heartbeat
How long does heatstroke last?
The symptoms associated with heatstroke usually last for several days. Take enough rest and stay out of the sun until the complaints have completely disappeared. Are the complaints not resolved by themselves? Then consult your doctor.